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Zoanthus pulchellus


Zoanthus pulchellus 
Sea Mats 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Zoantharia (Order) > Zoanthidae (Family) > Zoanthus (Genus) > pulchellus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Duchassaing & Michelotti, ), 1860 
Индийский океан, Индийского тихого океан 
bis zu 1.3cm 
23°C - 29°C 
Артемия, Зооксантеллы/Свет, Корма порошок, Планктон 
~ 100 Liter 
Possible to breed 
Has a poison harmful to health 
Not evaluated 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
More related species
in this lexicon
Last edit:
2007-07-29 10:41:37 

Captive breeding / propagation

The offspring of Zoanthus pulchellus are possible. Unfortunately, the number of offspring is not large enough to cover the demand of the trade. If you are interested in Zoanthus pulchellus, please ask your dealer for offspring. If you already own Zoanthus pulchellus, try breeding yourself. This will help to improve the availability of offspring in the trade and to conserve natural stocks.


This is a general hint!
Zoanthus pulchellus has a harmful toxin.
As a rule, animals with a harmful poison do not pose any danger in normal Aquarieaner everyday life. Read the following husbandry information and comments from aquarists who already keep Zoanthus pulchellus in their aquarium to get a better picture about the possible danger. However, please be careful when using Zoanthus pulchellus. Every human reacts differently to poisons.
If you suspect that you have come into contact with the poison, please contact your doctor or the poison emergency call.
The phone number of the poison emergency call can be found here:
Overview Worldwide:

Translated with


Apart from their colour and polyp size most Zoanthus species look very much alike, so they can hardly be identified exactly by mere physical appearance. Marine aquarists and coral traders have assigned telling names to the large variety of Zoanthus species referring to the special colouration morphology of the polyps to identify a particular specimen. Firstly, these fancy variety names are commonly used in the stocking lists of importers and coral shops, secondly, the majority of saltwater hobbyists are more familiar with them and thirdly, the reeflex entries will be easier to find via search engines. So that is why we have decided to list the different varieties of Zoanthid species under their common fancy names on reeflex.
As a rule, Zoanthid corals are rather easy to care for and are often recommended as beginner corals.
They gain most of their daily nutritional requirements through the photosynthetic activity of their symbiotic Zooxanthellae, but also absorb nutrients and dissolved organic matter from the water column. They also feed on captured plankton.
Zoanthid polyps do not necessarily need to be fed directly, but will benefit from occasional feedings with finely chopped frozen foods, zooplankton additives or dust food, which will help them to thrive.
Their durability makes them to be rather forgiving to less optimal water parameters and lightning conditions. Zoanthus species may be placed in intensely as well as in moderately lighted areas, they are able to cope with moderate as well as with high and turbulent flows, however, strong currents directly directed towards the colonies may cause the polyps to stay closed.
Under proper lightning and water parameters most Zoanthus species will grow fast- sometimes too well, spreading over rocks and eventually supersede adjacent corals.

Some Zoanthid species, especially those in the genera of Palythoa and Protopalythoa can be highly toxic for humans. These Zoanthids may excrete Palytoxin, one of the most toxic organic substances in the world. Normally, this will not be noticed during the reefkeeper’s normal daily routine, but can become a real danger when Palythoa or Protopalythoa species are forcibly removed or fragged. Whereas several reef keepers have reported severe health problems they suffered when handling Palythoa or Protopalythoa species, species of the Zoanthus genus are generally considered to be rather harmless, at least there is no known case of a serious intoxication caused by a Zoanthus species. Nevertheless, since it is difficult for the average hobbyist to distinguish Zoanthus, Palythoa and Protopalythoa species from each other, you should always handle Zoanthid species with proper caution. When touching them or removed them for your tank, you should always wear protective gloves and goggles, was
h your hands thoroughly afterwards and avoid any eye contact.

Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Hexacorallia (Subclass) > Zoantharia (Order) > Brachycnemina (Suborder) > Zoanthidae (Family) > Zoanthus (Genus) >

External links

  1. Wikipedia (de)



Husbandry know-how of owners

sea-shepherd am 24.05.09#2
Ich muß hier meinem "Vor-Schreiber" widersprechen. Bei mir breitet sich diese Art ziemlich heftig im Becken aus und wollte daher dieser mal ein wenig Einhalt gebieten.
Schon kurz nach dem Hantieren verspürte ich ein deutliches Unwohlsein. Ca. 1h später hatte ich einen aufdringlichen metallischen Geschmack im Mund - alles was ich zu mir genommen hatte, egal ob fest oder flüssig schmeckte wie Aluminiumpapier. Das sind ganz deutliche Anzeichen einer Vergiftung! Die Nacht drauf hatte ich sodann auch die bekannten Grippe-Erscheinungen wie Schleim im Hals, Kalt-Heiß-Phasen und einen "dicken" Kopf.
Erst ca. 24h später sind diese Symptome abgeklungen. Das ist nun schon das zweite mal wo mir das passiert. Ich werde sicherlich beim nächsten mal Handschuhe tragen!
Rohleder am 29.07.07#1
Da es sich hier um eine Zoanthus Spezies handelt, denke ich, dass hier die Giftigkeit nicht so vorliegt wie beschrieben.
Diese Art war irrtümlich als Palyathoa im Meerwasserlexikon eingestellt, daher der Hinweis mit der Giftigkeit.
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