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Sciaena umbra


Profile

lexID:
4564 
Scientific:
Sciaena umbra 
German:
Meerrabe 
English:
Brown meagre 
Category:
 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Sciaenidae (Family) > Sciaena (Genus) > umbra (Species) 
Initial determination:
Linnaeus, 1758 
Occurrence:
Senegal, Portugal, Straße von Gibralta, Northern Africa, Madeira, the Canary Islands, Бртианские острова , Восточнный атлантический океан, Европейский берег, Египет, Западная Африка, Испания, Кабо-Верде, Средиземное море, Чёрное море 
Size:
28 cm - 70 cm 
Temperature:
°C - 26°C 
Food:
беспозвоночные, Крабы, Креветка безпанцерная, Креветки, Ракообразные, Рыбы (малиенки Рыбы) 
Difficulty:
не подходит для аквариума! 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-08-25 12:54:38 

Husbandry

Linnaeus, 1758

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: English Channel to Mauritania, occasionally southwards to Senegal.
Also throughout the Mediterranean and Black seas.

Biology
Occurs in shallow coastal waters mainly on rocky and sandy bottoms, often entering estuaries and more active at night.
Also inhabits caves and reefs.
Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans.
SCUBA diving observations suggest this to be a very calm fish with remarkable buoyancy control and an ability to move without much apparent effort.
Marketed fresh and frozen; in Turkey, otoliths are ground to a powder and used as remedy for urinary tract infections.

Synonymised taxa:
Bairdiella umbra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Coracinus chalcis Pallas, 1814
Corvina canariensis Cuvier, 1830
Corvina umbra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Johnius umbra (Linnaeus, 1758)
Sciaena nigra Bloch, 1792

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